Archaeological Museum (Rheinisches Landesmuseum)
Fotos: © Rheinisches Landesmuseum Trier, Thomas Zühmer
The largest and most certainly best-known Trier museum is the Archaeological Museum (Landesmuseum). No other museum in Germany informs so comprehensively about the civilization, economy, settlement, religion, and art of the first four hundred years of the common era. The oldest traces of humans, burial goods from Celtic chieftains’ graves, and the finds from excavations of the La Tène Culture (since 450 BC) are exhibited. Models and reconstructions offer the visitor a better concept of this period.
The major portion of the inventory comes from the Roman era. This collection is unique in its scale, diversity, and quality. The imposing burial monuments from Neumagan and the Trier countryside which illustrate life and activity on the Moselle also occupy a high-ranking position in international art history. The Landesmuseum possesses over 150 individual multicolored mosaic floors, by far more than all other German museums together. The museum can also boast of early imperial colored glassware and in the objet d’art category a wealth of terracottas and small bronze figures.
Trier in Late Antiquity, as imperial residence of the Western Roman Empire and the most significant Early Christian community in the Rhineland, offers, besides precious objects such as spectacular glassware from the 4th century AD, fine ivory objects, and sarcophagi decorated with bas-reliefs unique in the Rhineland, over 800 Early Christian burial inscriptions – a cornucopia to be found in no other museum north of the Alps.
The coin collection, primarily mintings by Trier mints from the Roman era and the Middle Ages, holds the most complete collection of mintings from Late Antiquity as well as numismatic documentation of mintings by Trier’s Electors.
The period of Frankish rule is represented by diverse burial goods comprising abundant weapons and jewelry, glassware, chains, fibulae, gold discs, and highly ornamented trappings from horse harnesses. The Middle Ages and the Early Modern Era are illustrated by large collections of objet d’art, outstanding pieces of sculpture and architectural elements, especially from the Romanesque and Gothic styles, as well as ceramics from the Rhine-Moselle area.
Weimarer Allee 1, 54290 Trier, tel. +49 651 97740
Website of the museums